The Birch Family

alaska-paper-birch
Alaska Paper Birch

Scientific Name: Betula neoalaskana
Location: Alaska & Northern Canada
Dried Weight: 38lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 830lbf
Crushing Strength: 7,450lbf /in2

Birch heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, while the sapwood tends to be nearly white. The grain is straight or slightly wavy and it carries a fine even texture. Birch has a low natural lustre. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Birch is rated as perishable when it comes to decay. The wood is easy to work with and turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

alder-leaf-birch
Alder Leaf Birch

Scientific Name: Betula alnoides
Location: Burma, India & Nepal
Dried Weight: 33lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 830lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,400lbf /in2

Birch heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, while the sapwood tends to be nearly white. The grain is straight or slightly wavy and it carries a fine even texture. Birch has a low natural lustre. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Birch is rated as perishable when it comes to decay. The wood is easy to work with and turns, glues, and finishes well.
downy-birch
Downy Birch

Scientific Name: Betula pubescens
Location: Northern Europe, Asia, Iceland & Greenland
Dried Weight: 39lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 900lbf
Crushing Strength: Not available

Birch heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, while the sapwood tends to be nearly white. The grain is straight or slightly wavy and it carries a fine even texture. Birch has a low natural lustre. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Birch is rated as perishable when it comes to decay. The wood is easy to work with and turns, glues, and finishes well.
gray-birch
Gray Birch

Scientific Name: Betula populifolia
Location: northeastern North America
Dried Weight: 35lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 760lbf
Crushing Strength: 4,870lbf /in2

Birch heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, while the sapwood tends to be nearly white. The grain is straight or slightly wavy and it carries a fine even texture. Birch has a low natural lustre. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Birch is rated as perishable when it comes to decay. The wood is easy to work with and turns, glues, and finishes well.
paper-birch
Paper Birch

Scientific Name: Betula papyrifera
Location: northern & central North America
Dried Weight: 38lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 910lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,690lbf /in2

Birch heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, while the sapwood tends to be nearly white. The grain is straight or slightly wavy and it carries a fine even texture. Birch has a low natural lustre. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Birch is rated as perishable when it comes to decay. The wood is easy to work with and turns, glues, and finishes well.
river-birch
River Birch

Scientific Name: Betula nigra
Location: eastern USA
Dried Weight: 37lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 970lbf
Crushing Strength: Not Available

Birch heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, while the sapwood tends to be nearly white. The grain is straight or slightly wavy and it carries a fine even texture. Birch has a low natural lustre. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Birch is rated as perishable when it comes to decay. The wood is easy to work with and turns, glues, and finishes well.
silver-birch-s
Silver Birch

Scientific Name: Betula pendula
Location: Europe & Southwest Asia
Dried Weight: 40lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 1,210lbf
Crushing Strength: Not Available

Birch heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, while the sapwood tends to be nearly white. The grain is straight or slightly wavy and it carries a fine even texture. Birch has a low natural lustre. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Birch is rated as perishable when it comes to decay. The wood is easy to work with and turns, glues, and finishes well.
sweet-birch
Sweet Birch

Scientific Name: Betula lenta
Location: northeastern North America
Dried Weight: 46lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 1,470lbf
Crushing Strength: 8,540lbf /in2

Birch heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, while the sapwood tends to be nearly white. The grain is straight or slightly wavy and it carries a fine even texture. Birch has a low natural lustre. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Birch is rated as perishable when it comes to decay. The wood is easy to work with and turns, glues, and finishes well.
yellow-birch
Yellow Birch

Scientific Name: Betula alleghaniensis
Location: northeastern North America
Dried Weight: 43lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 1,260lbf
Crushing Strength: 8,170lbf /in2

Birch heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, while the sapwood tends to be nearly white. The grain is straight or slightly wavy and it carries a fine even texture. Birch has a low natural lustre. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Birch is rated as perishable when it comes to decay. The wood is easy to work with and turns, glues, and finishes well.

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