The Maple Family

ambrosia-maple-gwAmbrosia Maple

Is a description of any type of Maple that has been infested by ambrosia beetles. The beetles bore into the tree, and with it bring fungus that discolors the wood.

 

 

 

 

bigleaf-mapleBigleaf Maple

Scientific Name: Acer macrophyllum
Location: coastal regions of Pacific North America
Dried Weight: 34lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 850lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,950lbf /in2

Unlike other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple is used most commonly. Big leaf Maple has a sapwood that ranges from almost white to a light golden or reddish brown color. The heartwood is a darker reddish brown. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. This maple is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and it has a tendency to burn when being machined with high speed cutters. The wood turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

birdseye-mapleBirdseye Maple

Birdseye Maple is not technically a distinct species of Maple, but rather, it’s a figure that’s occasionally found in any hard maple species. The figure is reportedly caused by unfavorable growing conditions for the tree. The Maple attempts to start numerous new buds to get more sunlight, but with poor growing conditions the new shoots are aborted, and afterward a number of tiny knots remain.

 

black-mapleBlack Maple

Scientific Name: Acer nigrum
Location: northeastern USA
Dried Weight: 40lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 1,180lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,680lbf /in2

Unlike other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple is used most commonly. Black Maple has a sapwood that ranges from almost white to a light golden or reddish brown color. The heartwood is a darker reddish brown. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. This maple is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and it has a tendency to burn when being machined with high speed cutters. The wood turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

box-elderBox Elder Maple

Scientific Name: Acer negundo
Location: North America
Dried Weight: 30lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 720lbf
Crushing Strength: 4,950lbf /in2

Box Elder Maple has a sapwood which is pale white, sometimes with a yellow/green hue. The heartwood is a grayish/yellowish brown color. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Box Elder is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. The wood is easy to work with and it turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

curly-mapleCurly Maple

Curly Maple is not actually a species, but simply a description of a figure in the grain—it occurs most often in soft maples, but is also seen in hard maples. It is so called because the ripples in the grain pattern create a three dimensional effect that appears as if the grain has “curled” along the length of the board.

 

 

field-maple-sField Maple

Scientific Name: Acer campestre
Location: Europe
Dried Weight: 43lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 1,150lbf
Crushing Strength: not available

Unlike other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple is used most commonly. Field Maple has a sapwood that ranges from almost white to a light golden or reddish brown color. The heartwood is a darker reddish brown. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. This maple is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and it has a tendency to burn when being machined with high speed cutters. The wood turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

hard-mapleHard Maple

Scientific Name: Acer saccharum
Location: northeastern North America
Dried Weight: 44lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 1,450lbf
Crushing Strength: 7,830lbf /in2

Unlike other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple is used most commonly. Hard Maple has a sapwood that ranges from almost white to a light golden or reddish brown color. The heartwood is a darker reddish brown. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. The end grain is diffuse-porous. This maple is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and it has a tendency to burn when being machined with high speed cutters. The wood turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

norway-mapleNorway Maple

Scientific Name: Acer platanoides
Location: Europe & western Asia
Dried Weight: 40lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 1,000lbf
Crushing Strength: 8,560lbf /in2

Unlike other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple is used most commonly. Norway Maple has a sapwood that ranges from almost white to a light golden or reddish brown color. The heartwood is a darker reddish brown. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. This maple is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and it has a tendency to burn when being machined with high speed cutters. The wood turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

queensland-mapleQueensland Maple

Scientific Name: Flindersia spp.
Location: northern Queensland
Dried Weight: 35lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 810lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,810lbf /in2

Queensland maple has a heartwood which ranges from a yellow to golden or reddish brown. The color will darken with age. The sapwood is narrow and has a white color. The grain is interlocked and sometimes wavy and it has a medium to coarse texture. The wood gives off a good natural lustre. The end grain is diffuse-porous. Queensland is rated as non-durable in regards to decay. The wood is good to work with and turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

quilted-maple-sQuilted Maple

Quitled Maple is not actually a species, but simply a description of a figure in the grain. Quilted maple occurs most often in soft maples. Quilted maple is so named for its resemblance to patchwork patterns seen on fabric quilts.

 

 

 

red-maple-2Red Maple

Scientific Name: Acer rubrum
Location: eastern North America
Dried Weight: 38lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 950lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,540lbf /in2

Unlike other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple is used most commonly. Red Maple has a sapwood that ranges from almost white to a light golden or reddish brown color. The heartwood is a darker reddish brown. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. This maple is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and it has a tendency to burn when being machined with high speed cutters. The wood turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

silver-mapleSilver Maple

Scientific Name: Acer saccharinum
Location: northeastern USA
Dried Weight: 33lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 700lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,220lbf /in2

Unlike other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple is used most commonly. Silver Maple has a sapwood that ranges from almost white to a light golden or reddish brown color. The heartwood is a darker reddish brown. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. This maple is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and it has a tendency to burn when being machined with high speed cutters. The wood turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

spalted-maple

Splated Maple

Much like Ambrosia Maple and other forms of figured maple, Spalted Maple is technically not a specific species of Maple, but rather a general description of any type of Maple that has been allowed to begin initial stages of decay, and then subsequently dried. The partial decay, called spalting, gives the wood dark contrasting lines and streaks where fungus has begun to attack the wood. If the wood has been rescued from the spalting at the right time, the lumber should still be sound and usable, with little to no soft spots or rotten wood.

 

striped-mapleStriped Maple

Scientific Name: Acer pensylvanicum
Location: eastern North America
Dried Weight: 32lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 770lbf
Crushing Strength: not available

Unlike other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple is used most commonly. Striped Maple has a sapwood that ranges from almost white to a light golden or reddish brown color. The heartwood is a darker reddish brown. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. This maple is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and it has a tendency to burn when being machined with high speed cutters. The wood turns, glues, and finishes well.

 

sycamore-maple-sSycamore Maple

Scientific Name: Acer pseudoplatanus
Location: Europe & southwestern Asia
Dried Weight: 38lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 1,050lbf
Crushing Strength: 7,980lbf /in2

Unlike other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple is used most commonly. Sycamore Maple has a sapwood that ranges from almost white to a light golden or reddish brown color. The heartwood is a darker reddish brown. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. This maple is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and it has a tendency to burn when being machined with high speed cutters. The wood turns, glues, and finishes well.

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