The Hemlock Family

eastern-hemlockEastern Hemlock

Scientific Name: Tsuga canadensis
Location: eastern North America
Dried Weight: 28lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 500lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,410lbf /in2

Eastern Hemlock has a heartwood that is a light reddish brown color. The grain is generally straight, but may be interlocked or spiraled and it has a coarse uneven texture. The resin canals are absent. It is rated as non-durable in regards to decay. It is semi-difficult to work with and tend to splinter easily while planing poorly. The wood glues, stains, and finishes well.

 

mountain-hemlockMountain Hemlock

Scientific Name: Tsuga mertensiana
Location: Northwest coast of North America
Dried Weight: 33lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 680lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,440lbf /in2

Mountain Hemlock has a light reddish brown heartwood. The grain is generally straight and it has a coarse uneven texture. The resin canals are absent. It is rated as non-durable in regards to decay. The wood is good to work with and glues, stains, and finishes well.

 

western hemlockWestern Hemlock

Scientific Name: Tsuga heterophylla
Location: Northwest coast of North America
Dried Weight: 29lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 540lbf
Crushing Strength: 7,200lbf /in2

Western Hemlock has a light reddish brown heartwood. The grain is generally straight and it has a coarse uneven texture. The resin canals are absent. It is rated as non-durable in regards to decay. The wood is good to work with and glues, stains, and finishes well.

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