The Pine Family

austrian-pineAustrian Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus nigra
Location: Mediterranean regions of Europe and Asia Minor
Dried Weight: 30lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 660lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,570lbf /in2

Austrian Pine has a heartwood that is light reddish brown in color and a sapwood that is wide and pale yellow to nearly white in color. The grain is straight and it has a medium even texture. The wood has medium sized resin canals. It is rated as durable to non-durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

caribbean pineCaribbean Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus caribaea
Location: Central America and Caribbean
Dried Weight: 39lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 1,110lbf
Crushing Strength: 7,890lbf /in2

Caribbean Pine has a heartwood which is reddish brown and a sapwood that is a yellowish/white color. The grain is straight and it has a medium to coarse texture. The wood has a greasy feel to it. It has large resin canals within the wood. It is rated as moderately durable in regards to decay. It is fairly easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

eastern-white-pineEastern White Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus strobus
Location: Eastern North America
Dried Weight: 25lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 380lbf
Crushing Strength: 4,800lbf /in2

Eastern White Pine has a light brown, sometimes with a reddish hue, heartwood and a sapwood which is a pale yellow to nearly white color. The grain is straight and it has a even medium texture. Large resin canals are present in the wood. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

hoop pineHoop Pine

Scientific Name: Araucaria cunninghamii
Location: Eastern Australia and New Guinea
Dried Weight: 31lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 750lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,800lbf /in2

Hoop Pine has a heartwood that is light brown in color, sometimes with a yellow to reddish hue. The grain is straight to interlocked and it has a fine to medium uniform texture. The wood gives off a moderate natural lustre. The resin canals are absent. It is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with, except sections with knots. The wood glues, finishes, and turns well.

 

huon-pineHuon Pine

Scientific Name: Dacrydium spp.
Location: Australia, New Zealand, Southeast Asia
Dried Weight: 35lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 920lbf
Crushing Strength: not available

Huon Pine ranges in color from a light yellow to a golden or reddish brown. The grain is straight or sometimes wavy and it has a fine uniform texture. The wood gives off a moderate natural lustre. The resin canals are absent. This wood has a good durability in marine applications but is non -durable in applications of direct ground contact. It is easy to work with and glues, finishes, and turns well.

 

jack-pineJack Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus banksiana
Location: Canada and Northern USA
Dried Weight: 31lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 570lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,660lbf /in2

Jack Pine has a heartwood that is orangish brown and a wide sapwood that is a yellowish white color. The grain is straight and it has a coarse to medium texture. The resin canals are medium sized. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

Jack PineJeffery Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus jeffreyi
Location: Mountainous regions of Southwestern Oregon through California and Northern Mexico
Dried Weight: 28lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 500lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,530lbf /in2

Jeffrey Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and the sapwood is a yellowish white color. The grain is straight and it has a medium texture. Medium to large resin canals are present in the wood. It is rated as moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

khasi PineKhasi Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus kesiya
Location: India and Southeast Asia
Dried Weight: 38lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 670lbf
Crushing Strength: 7,330lbf /in2

Khasi Pine has a light reddish brown heartwood and a sapwood that is a pale yellow color. The wood will darken with age. The grain is straight and it has a medium texture. It is rated as moderately durable to durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

limber-pineLimber Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus flexis
Location: Mountainous regions of North America
Dried Weight: 28lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 430lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,290lbf /in2

Limber Pine has a heartwood with a light brown color, sometimes with a slightly reddish hue, and a sapwood that is a pale yellow to nearly white color. The grain is straight and it has a even medium texture. Large resin canals are present in the wood. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

loblolly-pineLoblolly Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus taeda
Location: Southeastern USA
Dried Weight: 35lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 690lbf
Crushing Strength: 7,130lbf /in2

Loblolly Pine has a heartwood that is reddish brown and the sapwood is a yellowish white color. The grain is straight and it has a fine to medium texture. Large resin canals are present in the wood. It has moderate to low durability in regards of decay. It is fair to work with and glues, and finishes well.

 

lodgepole-pine-2Lodgepole Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus contorta
Location: Western North America
Dried Weight: 29lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 480lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,370lbf /in2

Lodge pole Pine has a heartwood that is light reddish/yellowish brown color and a sapwood has a yellowish white color. The grain is straight and it has a medium texture. Medium sized resin canals are present in the wood. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

longleaf-pineLongleaf Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus palustris
Location: southeastern USA
Dried Weight: 41lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 870lbf
Crushing Strength: 8,470lbf /in2

Long leaf Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and a yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a fine to medium texture. Large resin canals are present in the wood. It is rated as moderately durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

maritime pineMaritime Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus pinaster
Location: Southwestern Europe
Dried Weight: 31lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 390lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,660lbf /in2

Maritime Pine has a light reddish brown heartwood and a pale yellow to nearly white sapwood. The wood will darken with age. The grain is straight and it has a medium even texture. It is rated as moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and it glues and finishes well.

 

norfolk-island-pineNorfolk Island Pine

Scientific Name: Araucaria heterophylla
Location: Norfolk Island
Dried Weight: 31lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 650lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,420lbf /in2

Norfolk Pine has a light brown heartwood, sometimes with a yellow or red hue. The grain is straight and it has a fine to medium uniform texture. The wood gives off a moderate natural lustre. The resin canals are absent. It is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues, finishes, and turns well.

 

ocote pineOcote Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus oocarpa
Location: Mexico and Central America
Dried Weight: 44lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 950lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,400lbf /in2

Ocote Pine has a heartwood that is light brown and a sapwood that is a pale yellowish white color. The grain is straight and it has a medium even texture. It is rated as moderately durable to non-durable in regards to decay. The wood is fair to work with and it glues and finishes well.

 

parana-pine-sParana Pine

Scientific Name: Araucaria angustifolia
Location: Southern Brazil
Dried Weight: 34lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 810lbf
Crushing Strength: 7,570lbf /in2

Parana Pine has a heartwood that is light to medium brown in color, sometimes with red streaks, while the sapwood is a yellow color. The grain is straight and it has a uniform medium texture. The wood gives off a low natural lustre. The resin canals are absent. It is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

patula pinePatula Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus patula
Location: Eastern Mexico
Dried Weight: 36lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 550lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,160lbf /in2

Paula Pine has a light pinkish brown heartwood and a pale yellowish white sapwood. It has a straight grain and it has a medium even texture. It is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

pinyon-pinePinyon Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus edulis
Location: Southwestern USA, northwestern Mexico
Dried Weight: 37lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 860lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,400lbf /in2

Pinyon Pine has a yellowish brown heartwood. It has a irregular grain full of knots and it has a medium to fine texture. Large resin canals are present in the wood.

 

pitch-pinePitch Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus rigida
Location: Northeastern USA
Dried Weight: 34lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 620lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,940lbf /in2

Pitch Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and a yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a medium texture. The wood has large resin canals present. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

pond pinePond Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus serotina
Location: Eastern USA
Dried Weight: 38lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 740lbf
Crushing Strength: 7,540lbf /in2

Pond Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and a yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a medium texture. The wood has large resin canals present. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

ponderosa-pinePonderosa Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus ponderosa
Location: Western North America
Dried Weight: 28lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 460lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,320lbf /in2

Ponderosa Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and a yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a medium texture. The wood has medium to large resin canals present. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

radiata-pineRadiata Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus radiata
Location: Central and Southern Coastal California
Dried Weight: 32lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 710lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,030lbf /in2

Radiata Pine has a light brown heartwood and a pale yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a medium even texture. The wood has medium to large resin canals. It is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

red-pineRed Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus resinosa
Location: Northeastern North America
Dried Weight: 34lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 560lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,070lbf /in2

Red Pine has a light reddish brown heartwood and a pale yellow to nearly white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a medium even texture. The wood has a somewhat oily feel and medium sized resin canals. It is rated as moderately durable to non-durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. The resin can cause problems with its paint holding ability.

 

sand-pineSand Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus clausa
Location: Southeastern USA
Dried Weight: 34lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 730lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,920lbf /in2

Sand Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and a yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a fine to medium texture. The wood has large resin canals present. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. The resin can gum up tools and sandpaper.

 

scots-pineScots Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus sylvestris
Location: Europe and Northern Asia
Dried Weight: 34lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 540lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,020lbf /in2

Scots Pine has a light reddish brown heartwood and a pale yellow to nearly white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a medium even texture. The wood has a medium sized resin canals. It is rated as moderately durable to non-durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

shortleaf-pineShortleaf Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus echinata
Location: Southeastern USA
Dried Weight: 35lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 690lbf
Crushing Strength: 7,270lbf /in2

Shortleaf Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and a yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a fine to medium texture. The wood has large resin canals present. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. The resin can gum up tools and sandpapers. It also has a moderate dulling effect on cutters.
slash-pineSlash Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus elliottii
Location: Southeastern USA
Dried Weight: 41lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 760lbf
Crushing Strength: 8,140lbf /in2

Slash Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and a yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a fine to medium texture. The wood has large resin canals present. It is rated moderately durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. The resin can gum up tools and sandpaper.

 

spruce pine (1)Spruce Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus glabra
Location: Southeastern USA
Dried Weight: 32lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 660lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,620lbf /in2

Spruce Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and a yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a fine to medium texture. The wood has large resin canals present. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. The resin can gum up tools and sandpaper.

 

sugar-pineSugar Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus lambertiana
Location: Mountainous regions of Pacific coast of USA
Dried Weight: 25lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 380lbf
Crushing Strength: 4,460lbf /in2

Sugar Pine has a light brown, sometimes with a slightly reddish hue, heartwood and a pale yellow to nearly white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a even medium to coarse texture. The wood has very large resin canals. It is rated as moderately durable to non-durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

 

sumatran pine (1)Sumatran Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus merkusii
Location: Southeast Asia
Dried Weight: 44lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 870lbf
Crushing Strength: 8,410lbf /in2

Sumatran Pine has a light reddish brown heartwood and a pale yellow to nearly white sapwood. The wood darkens with age. The grain is straight and it has a medium even texture. The wood is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with, but the resin can gum up tools and sandpaper. The wood glues and finishes well.

 

table-mountain-pineTable Mountain Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus pungens
Location: Eastern USA
Dried Weight: 36lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 730lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,830lbf /in2

Table Mountain Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and a yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a medium texture. The wood has large resin canals present. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. The resin can gum up tools and sandpaper.

 

virginia-pineVirginia Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus virginiana
Location: Eastern USA
Dried Weight: 32lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 740lbf
Crushing Strength: 6,710lbf /in2

Virginia Pine has a reddish brown heartwood and a yellowish white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a medium texture. The wood has large resin canals present. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. The resin can gum up tools and sandpaper.

 

western-white-pineWestern White Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus monticola
Location: Mountainous regions of western North America
Dried Weight: 27lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 420lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,040lbf /in2

Western White Pine has a light brown, sometimes with a slight reddish hue, heartwood and a pale yellow to nearly white sapwood. The grain is straight and it has a even medium texture. The wood has large resin canals present. It has a moderate to low durability in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well.

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