The Spruce Family

black-spruceBlack Spruce

Scientific Name: Picea mariana
Location: Northern North America
Dried Weight: 28lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 520lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,410lbf /in2

Black Spruce has a creamy white, with a hint of yellow, color. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. The wood is rated as durable to non-durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. It can give poor results when staining. A sanding sealer, gel stain, or toner is recommended when colouring the wood.

 

engelmann-spruceEngelmann Spruce

Scientific Name: Picea engelmannii
Location: Western North America
Dried Weight: 24lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 390lbf
Crushing Strength: 4,560lbf /in2

Engelmann Spruce has a cream to almost white color, occasionally with a hint of red. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. The wood is rated as durable to non-durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. It can give poor results when staining. A sanding sealer, gel stain, or toner is recommended when colouring the wood.

 

norway-spruceNorway Spruce

Scientific Name: Picea abies
Location: Northern and Central Europe
Dried Weight: 25lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 377lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,150lbf /in2

Norway Spruce has a creamy white color, with a hint of yellow or red. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. The wood is rated as durable to non-durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. It can give poor results when staining. A sanding sealer, gel stain, or toner is recommended when colouring the wood.

 

red-spruceRed Spruce

Scientific Name: Picea rubens
Location: Eastern North America
Dried Weight: 27lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 490lbf
Crushing Strength: 4,870lbf /in2

Red Spruce has a creamy white color, with a hint of yellow or red. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. The wood is rated as durable to non-durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. It can give poor results when staining. A sanding sealer, gel stain, or toner is recommended when colouring the wood.

 

sitka-spruce (1)Sitka Spruce

Scientific Name: Picea sitchensis
Location: Northwestern North America
Dried Weight: 27lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 510lbf
Crushing Strength: 5,550lbf /in2

Sitka Spruce has a creamy white color, sometimes with a subtle pinkish hue. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. It has medium sized resin canals present in the wood. The wood is rated as durable to non-durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. It can give poor results when staining. A sanding sealer, gel stain, or toner is recommended when colouring the wood.

 

sitka-spruceWhite Spruce

Scientific Name: Picea glauca
Location: Northern North America
Dried Weight: 27lbs/ft3
Janka Hardness: 480lbf
Crushing Strength: 4,730lbf /in2

White Spruce has a creamy white color, with a hint of yellow. The grain is straight and it has a fine even texture. The wood is rated as durable to non-durable in regards to decay. It is easy to work with and glues and finishes well. It can give poor results when staining. A sanding sealer, gel stain, or toner is recommended when colouring the wood.

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